Advanced Orthopedics & Sports Medicine

Specializing in Orthopedic Services Since 2005

Shoulder Anatomy & Function 

Explore the intricate shoulder anatomy and its remarkable function, encompassing a unique blend of mobility and stability. Dive into the complex structure of bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons that work synergistically to power diverse movements and support your upper body.

Common Conditions

  • Adhesive capsulitis, commonly known as frozen shoulder
  • Biceps tears
  • Bursitis
  • Dislocated or fractured shoulder
  • Impingement
  • Instability in the shoulder joint
  • Labrum tears
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Pinched nerves
  • Rotator cuff injuries
  • SLAP tear
  • Tendon rupture
  • Trauma-related injuries

    Treatment Options

    • Arthroplasty
    • Arthroscopic surgery of the shoulder
    • Injections
    • Labral or biceps surgery
    • Ligament reconstruction
    • Reverse shoulder replacement
    • Rotator cuff tear repair
    • Total shoulder replacement

      1. Addressing the Unmet Need: Shoulder conditions can be excruciating, limiting individuals’ ability to perform even the simplest of tasks. Unfortunately, traditional treatment options have not always yielded satisfactory results. Our shoulder arthroplasty solutions aim to bridge this gap, providing superior outcomes and a higher quality of life for patients.

      2. Advanced Technology and Surgical Precision: AOSM has partnered with leading experts in orthopedic surgery and invested extensively in research and development to create cutting-edge shoulder arthroplasty technologies. Our solutions incorporate state-of-the-art implants, innovative surgical techniques, and advanced imaging technologies, enabling surgeons to achieve unparalleled precision and patient-specific outcomes.

      3. Tailored Solutions for Individual Needs: Every patient is unique, and their shoulder conditions require tailored solutions. AOSM understands the importance of personalized care and offers a range of shoulder arthroplasty options, including total shoulder arthroplasty, reverse shoulder arthroplasty, and hemiarthroplasty. Our comprehensive portfolio allows surgeons to select the most appropriate solution for each patient, maximizing the chances of successful outcomes.

      4. Clinical Excellence and Proven Results: AOSM’s shoulder arthroplasty solutions have undergone rigorous clinical trials and received approvals from regulatory authorities. Our products have demonstrated exceptional performance and durability, providing long-lasting pain relief and functional improvement for patients. By partnering with AOSM, surgeons gain access to evidence-based solutions that have consistently delivered superior clinical outcomes.

      5. Comprehensive Training and Support: Introducing new surgical techniques and technologies can be challenging for healthcare providers. However, AOSM recognizes the importance of comprehensive training and ongoing support to ensure a seamless integration of our shoulder arthroplasty solutions into clinical practice. We offer tailored training programs, surgical workshops, and continuous education to empower surgeons and their teams with the necessary knowledge and skills to excel.

      6. Market Potential and Competitive Advantage: The global market for shoulder arthroplasty is expanding rapidly, driven by an aging population, increased sports-related injuries, and growing awareness of treatment options. By aligning with AOSM, healthcare providers gain a significant competitive advantage by offering cutting-edge shoulder arthroplasty solutions. Together, we can capture a substantial market share and establish ourselves as leaders in the field.

      Shoulder Arthroscopic Procedure

      During shoulder arthroscopy, the surgeon can assess and repair various structures in the shoulder, such as the rotator cuff, labrum, and ligaments. This approach offers several advantages over traditional open surgery, including smaller incisions, less tissue disruption, reduced pain, faster recovery times, and lower risk of complications.

      Some common shoulder arthroscopic procedures include:

      1. Rotator cuff repair: This procedure involves reattaching or repairing torn tendons in the rotator cuff, which can cause pain and limited mobility in the shoulder.

      2. Labral repair or debridement: The labrum is a ring of cartilage that surrounds the shoulder socket. Arthroscopy can be used to repair or remove damaged labral tissue.

      3. Shoulder instability repair: If a shoulder is prone to dislocation or instability, arthroscopy can be used to tighten or repair the ligaments and stabilize the joint.

      4. Subacromial decompression: This procedure involves removing bone spurs or other structures that may be impinging on the rotator cuff tendons, relieving pain and improving shoulder function.

      5. Shoulder impingement syndrome treatment: Arthroscopy can be used to address shoulder impingement, which occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff become irritated and inflamed.

      Shoulder injections

      These injections often involve the administration of medications directly into the shoulder joint or the surrounding tissues.

      Common types of shoulder injections include corticosteroid injections, hyaluronic acid injections, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections, and regenerative medicine injections. Corticosteroid injections help reduce inflammation and relieve pain, while hyaluronic acid injections provide lubrication and cushioning to the joint. PRP and regenerative medicine injections aim to stimulate tissue healing and regeneration.

      Performing shoulder injections requires proper medical training and expertise to ensure accurate placement of the injection and minimize potential risks. It’s crucial to follow sterile techniques and use appropriate imaging guidance, such as ultrasound or fluoroscopy, to enhance accuracy and safety during the procedure.

      As with any medical procedure, it’s essential to discuss the benefits, potential risks, and alternatives with patients, and ensure they understand the procedure and potential outcomes. It’s also crucial to provide appropriate post-injection care instructions and follow-up appointments to monitor the patient’s progress.

      Remember that while I can provide general information, it’s always recommended to consult with a qualified healthcare professional for specific medical advice and guidance tailored to your company’s practices.

      Shoulder Labral or Biceps Surgery

      Shoulder labral and biceps surgery are commonly performed procedures to address issues related to the labrum (a rim of cartilage that surrounds the shoulder socket) and the long head of the biceps tendon.

      1. Arthroscopic Labral Repair: Arthroscopic surgery involves using small incisions and a tiny camera (arthroscope) to visualize and repair the damaged labrum. The torn labrum is reattached to the shoulder socket using sutures or anchors. This procedure is minimally invasive and offers quicker recovery times compared to open surgery.

      2. Biceps Tenodesis: Biceps tenodesis involves reattaching the long head of the biceps tendon to a different location on the humerus bone. This procedure is often performed when the biceps tendon is causing pain or instability. It can be done using arthroscopic or open techniques.

      3. SLAP Repair (Superior Labrum Anterior to Posterior): SLAP tears involve a specific type of labral tear that occurs at the top of the socket. This tear is often associated with biceps tendon issues. Arthroscopic SLAP repair involves reattaching the torn labrum and addressing the biceps tendon problem if present.

      4. Bankart Repair: A Bankart tear is a labral tear that occurs when the shoulder dislocates. The torn labrum can contribute to recurrent dislocations. Arthroscopic Bankart repair involves repairing the torn labrum and tightening the shoulder capsule to enhance stability.

      5. Labral Debridement: In cases where the labral tear is not severe, arthroscopic labral debridement can be performed. This involves trimming or smoothing out the torn or damaged portions of the labrum.

      6. Combined Procedures: Depending on the individual case, both labral repair and biceps tenodesis may be performed in combination to address multiple issues within the shoulder joint.

      7. Rehabilitation: Post-surgery rehabilitation is crucial for achieving optimal outcomes. Physical therapy plays a key role in restoring shoulder strength, range of motion, and function. Patients will follow a carefully tailored rehabilitation program to ensure proper healing and prevent complications.

      8. Pain Management: Proper pain management techniques, including the use of medications and potentially injections, can help patients manage post-operative discomfort.

      Shoulder Ligament Reconstruction

      During the procedure, the surgeon typically uses minimally invasive techniques to access the shoulder joint. They may use small incisions and arthroscopic instruments to visualize and repair the damaged ligaments. In some cases, grafts from other tendons or ligaments in the body, or synthetic materials, may be used to reconstruct the damaged ligaments.

      The recovery process after shoulder ligament reconstruction can vary depending on the individual and the specific procedure performed. Physical therapy is often an essential part of the rehabilitation process to help restore strength, mobility, and stability to the shoulder joint.

      It’s important for patients considering shoulder ligament reconstruction to consult with a qualified orthopedic surgeon who specializes in shoulder surgeries. They can assess the specific condition and recommend the most appropriate treatment options.

      Reverse Shoulder Replacement

      In a reverse shoulder replacement, the positions of the ball and socket of the shoulder joint are reversed. The metal ball component is attached to the shoulder blade, while the socket component is placed on top of the upper arm bone. This reversal of the joint’s anatomy allows other muscles around the shoulder to compensate for the damaged or torn rotator cuff, providing improved stability and function.

      During the surgery, an orthopedic surgeon makes an incision in the shoulder, removes the damaged bone and cartilage, and then attaches the prosthetic components to the humerus (upper arm bone) and scapula (shoulder blade). The procedure aims to alleviate pain, restore mobility, and improve the overall function of the shoulder joint.

      It’s essential to have a skilled and experienced team to perform shoulder reverse shoulder replacement surgeries effectively. Patients considering this procedure should consult with a qualified orthopedic surgeon to discuss their specific condition, potential risks, benefits, and expected outcomes.

      Shoulder Rotator Cuff Repair

      Shoulder rotator cuff repair is a surgical procedure performed to treat a tear in the rotator cuff, which is a group of tendons and muscles that surround the shoulder joint. The rotator cuff helps stabilize the shoulder and facilitates its various movements. When one or more of these tendons become torn, it can lead to pain, weakness, and limited range of motion in the shoulder.

      The surgery involves reattaching the torn tendon(s) to the bone, allowing it to heal and restore proper function to the shoulder. The procedure can be done using different techniques, including open surgery or arthroscopic (minimally invasive) surgery, depending on the size and severity of the tear.

      Here’s a general overview of the process:

      1. Diagnosis: The first step is a thorough evaluation of the shoulder, including physical examinations and imaging tests like MRI, to assess the extent and location of the tear.

      2. Preparation: If surgery is recommended, the patient’s overall health and medical history are assessed to ensure they’re a suitable candidate for the procedure.

      3. Anesthesia: The surgery is performed under general anesthesia or regional anesthesia, which numbs the shoulder area.

      4. Surgical Repair:
      · Arthroscopic Repair:
      Small incisions are made, and an arthroscope (a tiny camera) is inserted to view the inside of the shoulder. The surgeon uses specialized instruments to repair the tendon, often using anchors and sutures to reattach it to the bone.

      · Open Repair: A larger incision is made, providing direct access to the torn tendon. This approach might be preferred for larger or more complex tears.

      5. Tendon Repair: The surgeon sutures the torn tendon back onto the bone. In some cases, the tendon might need to be trimmed or smoothed to promote healing.

      6. Closure: The incisions are closed using sutures or staples, and a dressing is applied.

      7. Recovery and Rehabilitation:
      · Immediate Postoperative Phase: The patient wears a sling to protect the repair site and help with healing.

      · Physical Therapy: Over several months, a structured rehabilitation program is crucial. It focuses on regaining shoulder range of motion and strength.

      · Gradual Return to Activities: As the shoulder heals and gains strength, patients can gradually resume normal activities.

      8. Outcome: Successful rotator cuff repair surgery can lead to reduced pain, improved shoulder function, and enhanced quality of life.

      Not all rotator cuff tears require surgery, and smaller tears might be managed through non-surgical methods such as physical therapy and pain management. The decision to undergo surgery depends on various factors, including the patient’s symptoms, tear size, and impact on daily life.

      Total Shoulder Replacement

      A total shoulder replacement, also known as total shoulder arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure designed to treat severe shoulder joint pain and dysfunction caused by conditions like arthritis, trauma, or other degenerative issues. In this procedure, the damaged parts of the shoulder joint are replaced with artificial components, which aim to restore function, alleviate pain, and improve the patient’s overall quality of life.

      Here’s a detailed breakdown of what a total shoulder replacement consists of:

      Step 1: Incision and Access
      The surgery begins with making an incision in the shoulder area to access the joint. The size and location of the incision may vary based on the surgical technique and the patient’s specific needs.

      Step 2: Removal of Damaged Tissue
      The damaged parts of the shoulder joint are carefully removed. This includes the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) and potentially the glenoid (shoulder socket), which may be significantly damaged by conditions like arthritis.

      Step 3: Implant Placement
      Artificial components made of metal, plastic, or ceramic materials are inserted to replace the removed bone and cartilage. The implant components are designed to mimic the natural structure and function of the shoulder joint.

      · Humerus Component: The humeral component includes a metal stem that is placed inside the upper arm bone (humerus). At the top of the stem, a metal ball is attached, mimicking the natural ball-shaped head of the humerus.

      · Glenoid Component: If the glenoid socket is also replaced (total shoulder replacement), a plastic socket or liner is inserted into the glenoid cavity. This provides a smooth surface for the new humeral head to move against.

      Step 4: Fixation
      The components are fixed in place using either bone cement or a press-fit technique. In the press-fit method, the bone grows into the implant over time, creating a stable connection.

      Step 5: Closure
      The incision is carefully closed using sutures or staples, and a sterile dressing is applied to promote healing.

      Recovery and Rehabilitation:
      Following surgery, patients go through a period of recovery and rehabilitation:

      · Hospital Stay: The length of the hospital stay varies, but most patients stay for a few days.

      · Pain Management: Pain control is managed with medications prescribed by the medical team.

      · Physical Therapy: Physical therapy starts soon after surgery. It helps restore shoulder movement, strength, and function.

      · Progressive Activities: Patients gradually increase activities under the guidance of their medical team.

      · Long-Term Recovery: Over several months, patients regain strength and function in their shoulder joint.

      Total shoulder replacement aims to relieve pain, improve shoulder function, and enhance the patient’s overall quality of life. It’s important to note that while the procedure offers significant benefits, it also carries potential risks and complications, which should be discussed with the orthopedic surgeon during the evaluation process.